What is Cerebral Palsy?

The term “cerebral palsy” (CP) unites a diverse group of syndromes of motor disorders that occur due to improper brain development and / or damage during the period of intrauterine life of the foetus, at the moment of giving birth and / or in the first months of life. CP is mainly characterized by various disorders of muscle tone, inability to maintain a vertical posture and to carry out purposeful movements. Because the damaging factors have an effect on the developing brain, the symptoms of cerebral palsy are usually visible during the first year of child’s life as a violation of his early motor development and persist in varying degrees throughout the years of his life.

Cerebral Palsy is not progressive disease. This means that in the brain of the sick child there are only residual effects caused by violations of the pathological process that is not progressing. But the severity of individual symptoms of disease, primarily orthopedic, without adequate treatment in time, may significantly deteriorate. For example, if you do not apply orthopedic pilings, in the process of growth and development of a sick child joint-muscle contractions may appear because of high muscle tone (spasticity).
In addition to motor disorders, and cerebral palsy may occur as speech pathology and mental development. At the same time, many children suffering from cerebral palsy have normal intellectual and language development..